The Soviet Union during the reign of Konstantin Chernenko as the General Secretary of the Central commission of the Communist Party was the most powerful in the universe with a powerful military that had military bases in different parts of the universe such as Africa ( Angola ) . South Eastern Asia ( Vietnam ) and Cuba in South America. When his clip in power came to an terminal in 1985. Milkhail Gorbachev took over from him. During this clip. cipher could hold thought that the USSR was to disintegrate within a span of less than seven old ages ( Gitz. p. 83 ) .
Harmonizing to Ishiyama ( p. 251 ) . it was during the reign of Gorbachev that the autocratic Soviet Union collapsed when he tried to reconstruct democracy with the hope that it could assist convey about better life criterions and better productiveness among workers as portion of the Reconstruction program. He changed Torahs such as the concerted Torahs leting single ownership of concerns in both fabrication. foreign trade sector and the services sector so that the private sector could be encouraged to turn.
He brought freedom to people through presenting openness that saw the return of the freedom of address and look that had antecedently been suppressed in the old government. The imperativeness became free and could carry on its activities without intervention. Prisoners were released in the spirit of openness. Later in 1987. he called for democratisation that brought about multi-candidate elections in the political procedure. He besides initiated cardinal reforms that were aimed at cut downing the influence of the party on setup of authorities. After this. in December 1988. through constitutional amendments. the Congress of People’s Deputies was created that became the new Soviet Union regulating organic structure ( Van. p. 171 ) .
Harmonizing to Watson ( p. 53 ) . Gorbachev moved to heighten the Soviet Union’s relationship with states from the West through legion meetings with its leaders. This led to a determination to cut down the figure of intermediate-range atomic weaponries with the sign language of Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces understanding.
The undermentioned twelvemonth 1988. Soviet Union forces were removed from Afghanistan and the Brezhnev Doctrine was abandoned which allowed Warsaw Pact states to run their internal personal businesss on their ain without intervention. This brought about a concatenation of revolution in 1989 throughout Eastern Europe that led to the prostration of communism. This put to an terminal the cold war that was traveling on. This and other reforms had by chance taken away the Soviet Union’s power of the CPSU and brought about a force that finally led to the disintegration of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
The economic growing of the Soviet Union had slowed down by the twelvemonth 1970 despite its earlier rapid growing because of the policies that they used that chiefly depended on Rapid growing inputs but inefficiently used them. This brought about understandability which meant that the inputs could non fit with their end product and besides because the input-oriented growing was of course a limited procedure. it was certain that the Soviet Union could eventually decelerate down ( Cebulak. p. 113 ) .
The political and economic systems of the Soviet Union Proved to be less efficient to the systems used in the West because. unlike the West. their economic system was based on Rapid Growth input policies with less out put which were by far below the policies used by the West that ensured productiveness. Politically. the West was democratic which ensured that states worked together in harmoniousness while the Soviet Union was under Communist regulation which meant some rebellion from some of the states who felt suppressed by system.
The states in the Eastern Europe were non able to establish reforms because fiscal inefficiencies that had piled up with any attempt of reform rushing crisis-generating tendencies. There dependence of the Soviet Union for virtually everything and the economic systems that needed party-state planning in virtually all degrees partly contributed ( Zwass. p. 79 ) .
Cebulak. Wojciech. “Social Convulsion in Post-Socialist Eastern Europe – a Revolution Gone Astray? ” East European Quarterly 31. 1 ( 1997 ) : 113. Questia. Web. 21 May 2010.
Gitz. Bradley R. Armed Forces and Political Power in Eastern Europe: The Soviet/Communist Control System. New York: Greenwood Press. ( 1992 ) p. 83. Questia. Web. 21 May 2010.